Glossary of Acronyms
Acts / Legislation
Skills Development
Employment Equity

Glossary of Acronyms


ABET Adult basic education
ADEC Association of Distance Education Colleges
AEC Atomic Energy Commission
AME Average Monthly Earnings
ANC African National Congress
APCSA Association of Private Colleges of South Africa
ARC Agricultural Research Council
ARV Anti-retrovirals
ASDFSA: The Association for Skills Development Facilitation in South Africa.      
(A Section 21 company that represents skills development practitioners � including facilitators, assessors, moderators and training providers. It has branches in the Gauteng, the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, with satellite structures in Mpumalanga, the Eastern Cape and Free State.)
ASGISA: Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative for South Africa.
(Initially a Government task force instigated by President Thabo Mbeki and headed by Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, this has now grown into a national programme aimed at halving unemployment and poverty by 2014.)
ASPECT Academic Support Programme for Engineering in Cape Town
ASSA Actuarial Society of South Africa  

BANKSETA Banking Sector Education and Training Authority
BBBEE: Broad Based Black Economic Empowerment
(Codes published by Government to measure participation of black people in an enterprise on a scorecard based on seven "pillars").
BioPAD Biotechnology Partnerships and Development
BMR Bureau for Market Research  

CAD Computer-aided design
C A L S C e n t re for Applied Legal Studies
CASE Community Agency for Social Enquiry
CBI Cape Biotechnology Initiative
CBOs Community-based organisations
CEEF.Africa: Centre for Education, Economics and Finance.
(A universe of critical opportunity for scarce skills, education and strategic leadership.)
CENIS Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies
CEO Chief Executive Officer
CESM Classification Educational Subject Matter
CGS Council for Geoscience
CHE Council on Higher Education
CSDS Centre for Social and Development Studies, now called the School of Development Studies (SODS)
CSIR Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
CSIR Bio/Chemtek CSIR's Division of Food, Biological and Chemical Technologies
CSS Central Statistical Service
CUP Committee of University Principals
CRITICAL SKILLS: This refers to specific, key or generic and "top up" skills within an occupation. In South Africa there are two groups of critical skills: key or generic skills, including problem solving and learning to learn; language, literacy or numeracy, and working in teams; and particular "top-up" skills required for performance within an occupation to fill a skills gap.  

DACST Department of Arts, Culture, Science and Technology
DBSA Development Bank of Southern Africa
DENOSA Democratic Nursing Organisation of South Africa
DNE Department of National Education
DoE Department of Education
DoL Department of Labour
DPRU Development Policy Research Unit
DST Department of Science and Technology
DTI Department of Trade and Industry  

EAP Economically active population
EC Eastern Cape
ECSA Engineering Council of South Africa
EEC European Economic Community
EMIS Education Management Information System
EMPLOYMENT EQUITY: This term means fairness in employment.
The purpose of an employment equity programme is to ensure that individuals from disadvantaged groups have access to relevant positions and that their qualifications are assessed in relation to the requirements of the position, without discrimination.
EPU Education Policy Unit
ESETA Energy Sector Education and Training Authority
Eskom Electricity Supply Commission
ETDP Education, Training and Development Practitioners
EU European Union  

FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation
FASSET SETA for Finance, Accounting, Management Consulting and other Financial Services
FDI Foreign Direct Investment
FET Further education and training
FFC Financial and Fiscal Commission
FIETA Forest Industries Education and Training Authority
FRD Foundation for Research Development
FS Free State
FTA Free Trade Agreement
FTE Full-time equivalent  

GDED: Gauteng Department for Economic Development. (One of the key responsibilities of the GDED is to enable faster economic growth, thereby contributing to job creation and poverty reduction. GDED has implemented the Gauteng Development Strategy to this end, and is actively positioning Gauteng as a preferred destination for tourism and foreign investment.)
GDI Gender development index
GDP Gross domestic product
GEAR Growth, Employment and Redistribution
GEDA: Gauteng Economic Development Agency. (Gauteng's official economic, investment and trade promotion agency. It identifies and markets investment opportunities in the province and responds to requests for assistance from potential local and foreign investors. This organization also hosts regular outward missions, and provides local industry with opportunities to bid for local and international tenders, with specific emphasis on the European market in the engineering parts industry.)
GEIS General Export Incentive Scheme
GEM Gender empowerment measure
GER Gross enrolment ratio
GERD Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
GET General education and training
GP Gauteng Province
GSB Graduate School of Business  

HAI Historically advantaged institution
HAT Historically advantaged technikon
HAU Historically advantaged university
HDI Human development index
HDI Historically disadvantaged individual/institution
HDR Human Development Report
HDT Historically disadvantaged technikon
HDU Historically disadvantaged university
HEARD Health Economics and Aids Research Division
HEMIS Higher Education Management Information System
HEQC Higher Education Quality Committee
HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HPCSA Health Professions Council of South Africa
HPI Human poverty index
HRD Human resources development
HSRC Human Sciences Research Council
HSS Humanities and social sciences  

ICT Information and communication technology
IDRC International Development Research Centre, Canada
IEB Independent Examinations Board
IES Income and expenditure survey
IMD Institute for Management Development, Switzerland
IMS Integrated manufacturing strategy
ILO International Labour Organisation
ISASA Independent Schools Association of Southern Africa
ISETT Information Systems, Electronics and Telecommunications Technologies
ISI Institute for Scientific Information
IT Information technology
ITBs Industry training boards  

JIPSA: The Joint Initiative for Priority Skills Acquisition (ASGISA's plan to supply South Africa with sufficient skilled professionals, managers and artisans)  

KILM Key Indicators of the Labour Market
KZN KwaZulu-Natal  

LFS Labour Force Survey
LP Limpopo Province  

MAPPP Media, Advertising, Printing, Publishing and Packaging SETA
MBA Master's of Business Administration
MCSE Microsoft Certified Software Engineer
MEDUNSA Medical University Of Southern Africa
MERG Macroeconomic Research Group
MERSETA Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Services Education and Training Authority
MIDP Motor Industry Development Programme
MINTEK Council for Mineral Technology
MLA Monitoring Learning Achievement
MP Mpumalanga Province
MRC Medical Research Council
MSEs Micro and very small enterprises
MTBPS Medium Term Budget Policy Statement
MTEF Medium-term expenditure framework  

NACI National Advisory Council on Innovation
NBI National Business Initiative
NC Northern Cape
NCHE National Commission on Higher Education
NDoH National Department of Health
NER Net enrolment ratio
NGO Non-governmental organisation
NMC National Manpower Commission
NPHE National Plan for Higher Education
NPO Non Profit Organisation
NQF National Qualifications Framework
NRF National Research Foundation
NSA National Skills Authority
NSB National Standards Bodies
NSDS: National Skills Development Strategy.
(A five year plan (2010-2015) which spells out the national priority areas to which the projected R21,9-billion income from the skills development levy will be allocated. It also provides the aggregate performance indicators of the skills development system to be used to guage the performance of SETAs and National Skills Fund projects.)
NSF National Skills Fund
NSFAS National Student Financial Aid Scheme
NTB National Training Board
Ntsika/DTI Ntsika Enterprise Promotion Agency/Department of Trade and Industry
NW North West  

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OHS October Household Survey  

PCs Personal computers
PERSAL Personnel salary system
PFMA Public Finance Management Act (as amended, 1999)
PG Postgraduate
PSLSD Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development  


R&D Research and development
RDP Reconstruction and Development Programme
REQV Relative Education Qualification Value
RICs Regional innovation centres
RRL Roodeplaat Research Laboratories  

S&T Science and technology
SA South Africa
SABCOHA South African Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS
SABS South African Bureau of Standards
SACOB South African Chamber of Business
SADC Southern African Development Community
SADTU South African Democratic Teachers Union
SAICA South African Institute of Chartered Accountants
SAIRR South African Institute of Race Relations
SAITI South African Information Technology Industry Strategy
SAKB SA Knowledgebase
SALDRU Southern African Labour and Development Research Unit
SANC South African Nursing Council
SAPSE South African Post-Secondary Education
SAQA South African Qualifications Authority
SARB South African Reserve Bank
SASA South African Schools Act (1996)
SASCE South African Senior Certificate Examination
SATOUR South African Tourism
SAUVCA South African Vice-Chancellors Association
SCARCE SKILLS: This term refers to occupations in which there is a scarcity of qualified and experienced people, currently or anticipated in the future, either because such people are not available OR they are available but do not meet employment criteria. Scarce skills are categorized as "Absolute" or "Relative" depending on how the scarcity arises.
SCE Senior Certificate Examination
SET Science, engineering and technology
SETAs: Sector Education and Training Authorities
(established by the Labour Ministry to ensure that skill needs for every sector of the South African economy are identified and that training is available to provide for these skill needs.)
SIC Standard Industrial Classification
SITA State Information Technology Agency
SMEs Small and medium enterprises
SMLs Small, medium and large enterprises
SMMEs Small, medium and micro enterprises
SOC Standard Occupational Classification
StatsSA Statistics South Africa
STEE Survey of Total Employment and Earnings  

TAI Technology achievement index
TFS Technikon Free State
THETA Tourism and Hospitality Education and Training Authority
THRIP Technology and Human Resources for Industry Programme
TIPS Trade and Industrial Policy Secretariat
TRIPS Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
TSA Technikon South Africa
TVET Technical and Vocational Education and Training  

UCLA University of California, Los Angeles
UCT University of Cape Town
UG Undergraduate
UK United Kingdom
UNAIDS United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UND University of Natal, Durban
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations
UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund
UNISA University of South Africa
UP University of Pretoria
USA: United States of America  


W&R SETA Wholesale and Retail Sector Education and Training Authority
WC Western Cape
WHO World Health Organisation
WIEGO Women in Informal Employment: Globalising and Organising
WITS University of the Witwatersrand
WTO World Trade Organisation
WTTC World Travel and Tourism Council